The Japan Karate Association Tokyo , Japan Headquarters.
~Dojo kun is a Japanese martial arts term literally meaning (training hall) rules. They are generally posted at the entrance to dojo or at the "front" of the dojo (shomen) and outline behavior expected and disallowed. In some styles of martial arts they are recited at the end of a class.
The word Hitotsu means "one" or "first" and is pretended to each rule to place it at the same level of importance as the others. The word koto which ends each rule means "thing" and is used as a conjunction between rules. Varying translations and interpretations of the dojo kun exist. Each translation differs in the terms used and the interpretations vary regarding the philosophical depth, meaning, and intention. The population of English karate practitioners has pushed one form of the translation into being the most widely accepted outside of Japan. Generally, the English translation states: Each person must strive for the completion and perfection of one's character Each person must be faithful and protect the way of truth Each person must endeavor (fostering the spirit of effort) Each person must respect others and the rules of etiquette Each person must refrain from violent behavior (guard against impetuous courage)
日 本 空 手 協 会 米 国 連 盟
Japan Karate Association/American Federation
Takayuki Mikami was born in 1933 in Niigata Prefecture, Japan. Around 1952, Mikami Sensei began training in Shotokan Karate under Instructor K. Itoe and in 1953, he was promoted to 1st dan. In 1956, Mikami Sensei enrolled in the Japan Karate Association (JKA) newly formed intructor training course under Masatoshi Nakayama. In 1957, Mikami graduated from the course and became JKA Instructor. There were only three students in the group; his classmates were Eiji Takaura and Hirokazu Kanazawa, who also graduated in 1957. The same year the JKA sent him to the Philippines to instruct in Far Eastern University in Manila. After nine months, he returned to Japan to train for and compete in the All Japan Championships. By 1963, the JKA sent Mikami Sensei to the United States. Initially, he taught at a dojo (training hall) in Kansas for 14 months, but then decided to start a new Dojo in Louisiana, the Louisiana Karate Association (LKA) in New Orleans was created. In1965, Mikami Sensei made the LKA the headquarters for the All Southern Karate Federation, which functioned under the International Shotokan Karate Federation (ISKF), a division of JKA. He has remained there as a teacher and regional director ever since. By 1967, Mikami Sensei had reached the rank of 5th dan. In 1990, Mikami Sensei was named Intructor of the year by Black Belt Magazine. In 2005, he was elected President of the Japanese Karate Masters' Association of North America and in 2007, after the ISKF split from JKA; Mikami decided to remain in association with the JKA. The same year, he was appointed to the JKA International Board of Directors. In March 2008, he was named as one of two Senior Technical Advisours to the JKA World Federation Headquarters, Tokyo, by the JKA Board of Directors. Mikami Sensei founded the JKA American Federation (JKA/AF) in 2008. Mikami was promoted to 9th dan on September 30, 2011, by JKA headquarters in Tokyo, Japan.
Masatoshi Nakayama Sensei with instructors of the Japan Karate Association.
~Before Master Funakoshi established the Japan Karate Association, he laid out the "Twenty Precepts" of Karate, which form the foundations of the art. Within these twenty principles, based heavily on Bushido and Zen, lies the philosophy of the JKA.
First- Seek perfection of character.
First- Be faithful.
First- Respect others.
First- Refrain from violent behavior
Takayuki Mikami Sensei
Founder of the JKA/AF
Funakoshi Gichin (November 10, 1868 – April 26, 1957)
Was the founder of Shotokan Karate-Do, perhaps the most widely known style of karate, and is attributed as being the "father of modern karate". Following the teachings of Anko Itosu, he was one of the Okinawan karate masters who introduced karate to the Japanese mainland in 1922. He taught karate at various Japanese universities and became honorary head of the Japan Karate Association.
Funakoshi had trained in both of the popular styles of Okinawan karate of the time: Shōrei-ryū and Shōrin-ryū. Shotokan is named after Funakoshi's pen name, Shoto, which means "waving pines". In addition to being a karate master, he was an avid poet and philosopher who would reportedly go for long walks in the forest where he would meditate and write his poetry. Kan means training hall, or house, thus Shotokan referred to the "house of Shoto". This name was coined by Funakoshi's students when they posted a sign above the entrance of the hall at which he taught reading "Shoto kan". By the late 1910s, Funakoshi had many students, of which a few were deemed capable of passing on their master's teachings. Continuing his effort to garner widespread interest in Okinawan karate, he ventured to mainland Japan in 1922. In 1930, he established an association named Dai-Nihon Karate-do Kenkyukai to promote communication and information exchange among people who study karate-do. In 1936, Dai-Nippon Karate-do Kenkyukai changed its name to Dai-Nippon Karate-do Shoto-kai. The association is known today as Shotokai, and is the official keeper of Funakoshi's karate heritage. In 1939, Funakoshi built the first Shōtōkan dojo (training hall) in Tokyo. He changed the name of karate to mean "empty hand" instead of "China hand" (as referred to in Okinawa); the two words sound the same in Japanese, but are written differently. It was his belief that using the term for "Chinese" would mislead people into thinking karate originated with Chinese boxing. Karate had borrowed many aspects from Chinese boxing which the original creators say as being positive, as they had done with other martial arts. In addition, Funakoshi argued in his autobiography that a philosophical evaluation of the use of "empty" seemed to fit as it implied a way which was not tethered to any other physical object. His interpretation of the word "kara" means "empty" was reported to have caused some recoil in Okinawa, prompting Funakoshi to remain in Tokyo indefinitely. In 1949, his students created the Japan Karate Association (JKA), with Funakoshi as the honorary head of the organization. However in practice this organization was led by Masatoshi Nakayama. The JKA began formalizing Funakoshi's teachings. He was not supportive of all of the changes that the JKA eventually made to his karate style.
Public Interest Incorporated Association Japan Karate Association
Nihon Karate Kyokai; JKA; sometimes referred to simply as (Kyokai in Japan) Gichin Funakoshi played a major role in introducing karate from Okinawa to Japan, adjusted to reduce injury and merged with approaches for athletic training. On May 27, 1949, some of his students, such as Isao Obata, Masatoshi Nakayama, and Hidetaka Nishiyama, formed a karate organization dedicated to research, promotion, events management, and education: the Japan Karate Association. Funakoshi, then around 80 years old, held a position equivalent to emeritus chief instructor. Nakayama designated as the chief instructor. The JKA emerged from karate clubs at Japanese universities located in the Tokyo region. Most of these universities, however, distanced themselves from the JKA during the 1950s. Takushoku University always kept strong ties with the JKA, being the alma mater of many of the senior JKA instructors, such as Nakayama, Okazaki, Asai, Kanazawa, and Enoeda, who were responsible for the JKA's consolidation during the 1960s and 1970s. The JKA Shotokan approach is based on Funakoshi's karate, but with significant adaptations introduced mostly by Nakayama, who also formed the JKA intructor trainee program. Many on these program's graduates were sent throughout the world to form new Shotokan subgroups and increase membership. Nakayama also held position in the Physical Education department of Takushoku University, starting in 1952, and eventually becoming head of that department and also as JKA chief instructor until his death in 1987